|Photopraph taken by Lola Alvarez Bravo (1944)|
Recently, my eyes fell on photographs made Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter of s. XX, in which he appeared with a young and energetic dogs, Itzcuintli. Frida and her husband, Diego Rivera loved them animals were known to had monkeys, macaws and even a deer; and xoloitzcuintlis entertained and accompanied their lives for a long time. Photographs were many of them, and herself reflected in his paintings several of these dogs.
Xoloitzcuintli comes from the Nahuatl language and means “rare dog”. These dogs maintained a very high status within the Empire and its regional and temporal distribution ranges from Mexico to Honduras and from ss. VI to XVI after our era. This dog is characterized by a mutation that confers a dog hairless; but there is also a variety with the same. Perhaps this was as admired dog at the time by men. The remains found have been identified due to incomplete dentition due to lack of premolars and sometimes even canines.
|Perro Itzcuintli y yo (1938)|
The contexts that are associated are:
- funeral activities
- used as food
- rituals and religious activities. The most important finding and numerous was in Chac Mool where 37 individuals were killed and buried in a ritual of new year is found.
|Xolitzcuintli representation in Florentine codex|
- Valadez, Raúl et alii (2009) “Perros pelones del México Prehispánico” Archaeobios, nº 3, Vol. I.
- Valadez, Raúl et Arrioja Mestre, Gabriel (2007) “Xoloitzcuintle, del enigma al s. XXI” , UNAM.